What is Geography?

The Geography syllabus is divided into three themes which have been designed to develop an understanding of both the natural and the human environment:


  • Population and settlement
  • The natural environment
  • Economic development


These areas are studied through an understanding of theories and case studies of specific areas and issues so that students have an awareness of real life examples. To support their studies, they also learn fieldwork skill and how to conduct research, gather evidence and analyse data.

What will I study?

The Geography IGCSE looks at population dynamics in over and under populated countries and in places with high and low population growth. It examines migration, population growth and structure and the nature and needs of settlements. Looking at the natural world the course covers volcanoes and earthquakes, rivers, coasts, weather, climate and natural vegetation. There is also a section on development and the practical consequences on food production, industry, tourism. Energy supply and water.

What will I gain from studying the subject?

You will gain a very good insight into the physical systems that make Earth work and the threats to this. You will also gain an understanding of the nature of human settlement and the issues related to this. You will also build the skills of a geographer and learn how to plan, conduct and analyse your research.

How is it assessed?

Unit Modules Weighting Format
1 Geographical Themes 45% External Exam: 1 hour and 45 mins
2 Geographical Skills 27.5% External Exam: 1 hour and 30 mins
3 Alternative to Coursework 27.5% External Exam: 1 hour and 30 mins


Exam Board: CIE

What do I need?

You need an interest in the natural world and man’s role within it and an ability to apply ideas and theories to specific real world examples and case studies.


Is Geography harder than other subjects?

No. However there is a lot to learn and you will need to be able to write clearly and understand a broad range of information.